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German Wehrmacht Camouflage Ral Color Ww2


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gesar #1 Posted 23 December 2010 - 12:55 PM

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German Wehrmacht Camouflage RAL color WW2

Camouflage patterns of the Wehrmacht were regulated by Army Communiqués (Heeresmitteilung) issued throughout the war. Vehicle base colours were permanently applied at the factory, and factories were the first to implement any base colour changes. When dark yellow was introduced as a base colour in 1943, the new regulation was rapidly implemented, any recently produced equipment was immediately repainted at the factory. Depot vehicles were to be handed out to units in the new base colour only. However, vehicles already in operation were not to be repainted, they retained the dark grey base colour.

Basic Vehicle Patterns

* 1935-1939 Anthrazitgrau Base Colour.
* 1940 Panzergrau Base Colour.
* 1941 Pattern North Africa.
* 1942 Pattern North Africa/Crete.
* 1943 Dunkelgelb Base Colour.
* 1944 Ambush Pattern.
* 1944 Red Primer Base.
* 1944 Dark Green Base Colour.

Camouflage patterns were applied in the field, using water/fuel soluable camouflage paste vailable in three colours, dark yellow, oliv green, and red brown. Camouflage paste could be washed off with fuel in the event that a pattern needed to be adapted to local and seasonal conditions.
Camouflage paste was also used on Panzergrau vehicles in 1943.

Anthrazitgrau/Signalbraun Pattern, 1935-1939
RAL 7016 Anthrazitgrau - Factory Base Coat
RAL 8002 Signalbraun - Disruptive Pattern

Vehicles drafted in 1939 were painted in this pattern. The base colour dominated the disruptive pattern by a factor of 2 to 1, with soft contours between colours.

Panzergrau (HM 1940, Nr. 864 of 31.06.1940)
RAL 7021 Schwarzgrau - Factory Base Coat

Panzergrau replaced the earlier two-colour pattern in 1940, in order to save paint. Panzergrau was discontinued in February of 1943. Vehicles in operation were not to be repainted. Instead, camouflage paste was used to create two and three colour patterns over the Panzergrau base colour. Armoured vehicles at Kursk in 1943 are documented in Panzergrau with Dunkelgelb patches, typically in the recommended ratio of 2 to 1.

Afrikakorps Disruptive Pattern (Heeresmitteilung 1941, Nr. 281)
RAL 8000 Grünbraun - Base Colour
RAL 7008 Grüngrau - Disruptive Pattern

Panzergrau vehicles deployed to Africa were repainted in the new base colour with disruptive patches. The base colour dominated the disruptive pattern by a factor of 2 to 1, with soft contours between colours.

Afrikakorps Disruptive Pattern (HM 1942, Nr. 315 of 25.03.1942)
RAL 8020 Gelbbraun - Base Colour
RAL 7027 Sandgrau - Disruptive Pattern

The new pattern for Africa was introduced in March of 1942. Available paint and camouflage paste of the earlier pattern was to be used up, resulting in a mixture of patterns in the interim period. The new Africa pattern was also used in Crete (HM 1942, Nr. 600). Water soluable, and removable camouflage paste was to be used to paint vehicle tarps.

Dunkelgelb Base Colour with Disruptive Pattern (HM 1943, Nr. 181 and 322)
RAL 7028 Dunkelgelb - Factory Base Coat
RAL 6003 Olivgrün - Disruptive Pattern
RAL 8017 Schokoladenbraun - Disruptive Pattern

As of February 1943, vehicles were supplied in the Dunkelgelb factory base coat, to be painted with camouflage patterns according to regional and seasonal requirements. As a result, a great variety of two and three colour patterns were in existence, even serving alongside eachother in the same unit. Operational vehicles painted Panzergrau were not to be repainted in the new base colour. Instead, camouflage paste was to be used to create two- and three-colour patterns.

Ambush Pattern, 19th August 1944
RAL 7028 Dunkelgelb - Factory Base Coat
RAL 6003 Olivgrün - Disruptive Pattern
RAL 8017 Schokoladenbraun - Disruptive Pattern

The ambush pattern was designed to hide vehicles under trees, an important consideration in light of allied air superiority following the Normandy landings. Ambush pattern was factory applied, using standard designs.

Dark Red Primer Coat with Disruptive Pattern, 31st October 1944
RAL 8012 Dark Red Primer - Factory Base Coat
RAL 6003 Olivgrün - Disruptive Pattern
RAL 7028 Dunkelgelb - Disruptive Pattern
RAL 7021 Schwarzgrau - Disruptive Pattern

A simplyfied process of applying the three colour disruptive pattern, using the dark red primer as the base colour and adding disruptive patterns of Olivgrün and Dunkelgelb at the factory. Panzergrau may have been used as an alternative to Dunkelgelb on occasion.

Olivgrün Base Colour with Disruptive Pattern, 31st November 1944
RAL 6003 Olivgrün - Factory Base Coat
RAL 8017 Schokoladenbraun - Disruptive Pattern
RAL 7028 Dunkelgelb - Disruptive Pattern

Some vehicles may have been rushed to the front in Olivgrün base coat only, to be camouflaged by the units receiving them.

Snow Camouflage
Heeresmitteilung 1941, Nr. 1128 of 18th November 1941 regulated the application of snow camouflage to vehicles operating in Norway, Finland, and Russia. White camouflage paste was to be applied over the Panzergrau base coat, to be washed off again with fuel when the snow melted. However, supply problems on the Eastern Front were so severe that this instruction could not be followed. Replacement vehicles, and divisions newly deployed to the front were painted as required, but units already engaged had to use lime wash to camouflage their vehicles.

Sources

   1. THOMAS L. JENTZ & HILARY LOUIS DOYLE. PANZER TRACTS No.1-2 - Panzerkampfwagen I - Kl.Pz.Bef.Wg. to VK 18.01. Boyds, MD : Panzer Tracts, 2002.
   2. BRUCE CULVER & RICHARD MURPHY. Panzer Colors I, II, & III - Camouflage of the German Panzer Forces 1939-45. Carrollton: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc.,
   3. RAL COLOUR CONVERSION TABLE. http://miniatures.de...al-farben.html. Retrieved 08/28/2006 - http://www.miniature...-wehrmacht.html
   4. PANZER WORLD http://www.panzerworld.net/  - http://www.panzerworld.net/colours
   5. STUG III http://stugiii.com/g...camouflage.html

You can found a RAL color palette reference here: http://www.polycomp.nl/ral.htm

For informations and reference about the german panzer divisions insignia see: http://www.panther19...uppe/DivAbz.htm
or http://freeforumzone...k/D9131825.html

and, of course, a search engine or  wikipedia!

Hellwi #2 Posted 23 December 2010 - 01:06 PM

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Really nice job! especially with insignia :Smile_honoring:

knuck58 #3 Posted 23 December 2010 - 01:19 PM

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Great job, duly bookmarked and +1 rep.

gesar #4 Posted 28 December 2010 - 03:21 PM

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I founded another reference chart (they're all Humbrol colours):

Hu: 111 Matt Uniform Grey discontinued (RAL 7009 Feldgrau Nr. 2) = WWI Feldgrau that may have been used on some vehicles in WWII also.

Hu: 10 Gloss Service Brown (RAL 7017 Dunkelbraun Nr. 45) = disruptive pattern over
Hu: 67 Matt Tank Grey (RAL 7021 Dunkelgrau Nr. 46) = Vehicle base colour, 1937 two-colour pattern.

Hu: 108 Matt WWI Green discontinued (RAL 6006 Feldgrau Nr. 3) = Wehrmacht Feldgrau used from 1935 – 1945 to paint ammunition and equipment.

Hu: 115 Matt Prussian Blue discontinued (RAL 7033 Grüngrau) = armed vehicle interior colour, used on transmissions.
Hu: 121 Matt Pale Stone (RAL 1001 Elfenbein) = improbable vehicle interior colour for walls, bulkheads etc. with the exception of hatch covers with would have been painted in the external scheme.
Hu: 28 Matt Camouflage Grey + Hu: 34 Matt White (RAL 9002 Grauweiß) = most likely tank interior colour used by the Wehrmacht.
Hu: 70 Matt Brick Red (RAL 3009 Oxidrot) = vehicle primer 1939 – 1945.
Hu: 134 Satin Blue discontinued (RAL 7016 Anthrazitgrau) = Vehicle base colour, 1/3 disruptive pattern from 1939. Also used for Luftwaffe ground vehicles and steel helmets.

Hu: 67 Matt Tank Grey (RAL 7021 Schwartzgrau – Panzergrau) = Vehicle base colour 1940 - 1943, replaced the two-colour pattern.

Hu: 26 Matt Khaki (RAL 7008 Graugrün – Khakibraun) = disruptive pattern over Grunbraun, applied in irregular patches over 1/3 of the vehicle. Africa, March 1941 – April 1942.

Hu: 79 Matt Blue Grey (RAL 7011 Eisengrau) = this colour was used for Tiger tanks manufactured by the Henschel factory when RAL 7021 Dunkelgrau Nr. 46 was not available during the summer of 1942.

Hu: 117 US Light Green (RAL 6003 Olivgrün) = disruptive pattern over
Hu: 67 Matt Tank Grey (RAL 7021 Schwartzgrau – Panzergrau) = Vehicle base colour, Eastern Front 1942.

Hu: 94 Matt Brown Yellow (RAL 7028 Dunkelgelb) = Vehicle base colour after October 1942.

Hu: 93 Matt Desert Yellow (RAL 8020 Gelbbraun) = Vehicle base colour, Africa, May 1942 – May 1943, also used in Crete.
Hu: 187 Matt Dark Stone (RAL 7027 Sandgrau) = disruptive pattern applied in irregular patches over 1/3 of the vehicle over
Hu: 118 Matt US Tan + Hu: 93 Matt Desert Yellow (RAL 8000 Gelbbraun) = Vehicle base colour, Africa, May 1942 – May 1943, also used in Crete. Many Panzergrau vehicles were repainted in this colour; when the paint chipped or rubbed off, the Panzergrau would show again underneath.

Hu: 160 Matt German Camouflage Red Brown (RAL 8017 Rotbraun – Schokoladenbraun) = disruptive pattern over
Hu: 117 US Light Green (RAL 6003 Olivgrün) = disruptive pattern over  
Hu: 94 Matt Brown Yellow (RAL 7028 Dunkelgelb) = Vehicle base colour, February 1943 – October 1944.

Hu: 160 Matt German Camouflage Red Brown (RAL 8017 Rotbraun – Schokoladenbraun) = disruptive pattern over
Hu: 117 US Light Green (RAL 6003 Olivgrün) = disruptive pattern over
Hu: 83 Matt Sand Yellow (Dunkelgelb nach Muster) = Second vehicle base colour, February 1943 – October 1944. Many shades and variations of this colour existed.

Hu: 94 Matt Brown Yellow (RAL 7028 Dunkelgelb) = disruptive pattern over
Hu: 70 Matt Brick Red (RAL 3009 Oxidrot) = Vehicle base colour November 1944 – May 1945.
Hu: 83 Matt Sand Yellow (Dunkelgelb nach Muster) = disruptive pattern over
Hu: 70 Matt Brick Red (RAL 3009 Oxidrot) = Vehicle base colour November 1944 – May 1945.

Hu: 94 Matt Brown Yellow (RAL 7028 Dunkelgelb) = disruptive pattern over
Hu: 117 US Light Green (RAL 6003 Olivgrün) = Vehicle base colour November 1944 – May 1945.
Hu: 83 Matt Sand Yellow (Dunkelgelb nach Muster) = disruptive pattern over
Hu: 117 US Light Green (RAL 6003 Olivgrün) = Vehicle base colour November 1944 – May 1945.

Hu: 117 US Light Green (RAL 6003 Olivgrün) = disruptive pattern over  
Hu: 160 Matt German Camouflage Red Brown (RAL 8017 Rotbraun – Schokoladenbraun) = Vehicle base colour, November 1944 – May 1945.