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17/11 Bolt action rifle of the week


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theta0123 #1 Posted 17 November 2011 - 08:03 PM

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Swedish mauser


The story of the swedish mauser is a story of a rifle that was regarded with the highest esteem. Beautifull and sleek in appearance, and one, if not THE most accurate rifle of all service bolt action rifles. Firing the perfected 6.5x55mm round.
The swedish took Paul mausers great Model 1893 rifle, and turned it into a pure and awesome weapon

History



The story of the swedish mauser does not start with the rifle itself, but with the round it fired. When the Frenchman Paul Vieille invented smokeless gunpowder in 1884, it outclassed ANY WEAPON IN SERVICE OR IN DEVELOPMENT. France quickly came with the lebel, firing the new 8x50mm lebel round. All rifles back then where blackpowder rifles with calibers of 10.4 or 11mm.
Sweden and Norway both understood there remington Rolling block rifle model 1867 was obsolete. Thus began the journey to a new round and firearm.
To strenghten the alliance between both nations, a competition was done in wich the winning cartridge became the round for both nations. The main competitors where the 8x58R Krag-Jørgensen and the 6.5x55mm Mauser round(edited by the swedish and pretty much perfected). The 8x58R.. Fired by the Famous Norwegian Krag-Jørgensen M1889 rifle was immediadtly adopted by denmark for there Krag rifles. Sweden and norway first converted existing Jarman and Rolling block rifles to this calibre, but it became very clear that the 6.5x55mm was the winner.
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^ The 6.5x55mm round. in a 5 round stripper clip
Both nations adopted the new rifle calibre. But not the same weapon. Norway decided to take the new Krag-Jørgensen M1889 rifle. While Sweden took a mauser design=The Model 1893. This model was edited and quickly became know outside sweden as the "Swedish mauser"

The swedish mauser variants


Karabin 94
http://www.starbacks.../6125/M94-1.jpg
The first Swedish mauser was the Karabin 94. First adopted in 1895, the first 12 000 rifles where manufactured by Mauserwerke Obendorf, germany. Swedish factories where ready in 1898 and production started there. The factory, Carl Gustaf Vapenfabrik, quickly became an iconic second name international for the swedish mauser. "Carl Gustaf" is a common name, even today.
The weapon was 95CM long(VERY short for those days standards) with a barrel of 45CM. it weighted 3.4KG and had a capacity of 5 rounds of 6.5x55mm. it did NOT mounted a bayonet.

Soon a second version was developed for engineer and coastal artillery crews, with a diffrent sling mounting. These troops preferred to carry the rifle on there back properly. This version is dubbed Karabin 94/96



With the outbreak of World war 1, it became clear sweden had to preserve its neutrality. Sweden builded up its coastal defenses and gave those troops a new Karabin rifle.
Coastal troops had the task of defending against an invasion force untill the regular army could move in. this called for a bayonet mounting, and the Karabin m/94-14 was developed.
Karabin m/94/14
http://operatorchan....rndorf 1895.jpg
The bayonet mounting was the most important, but some other things where updated aswel. The swedish army had new things in mind, and a new variant emerged

Gevär m/96
http://www.centuryar.../jpeg/ri105.jpg

In 1896, a infantry long rifle was developed to go along with the Karabin m/94. The Gevär 96 was 1260mm long, standard for most infantry rifles at those times. other then differnt sights, there was not much diffrence. It had a diffrent style bayonet. Sweden did this also for a second reason=With the bayonet you also had a 1.5 meter Pike! Production started in 1898 at Carl Gustaf vapenfabrik, but from 1899 to 1900 Mauser also produced this rifle. This was the main armies rifle and remained unchanged untill 1938. The Gevär 96 was very well known and many where built, around half million produced
I am also, a proud owner of a beautifull rifle like this. Mine however, is diffrent. It was issued to the Swedish homeguard, and lacks the iconic copper disc and cleaning rod

Gevar m96/38
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World war 1 was over and battlefields changed. Sweden realized that the infantry soldier also should have a shorter rifle. Many nations also came with this trend(K98, K31, Lee enfield, mosin nagant ETC). The Gevar M96/38 was a gevar 96 rebarreld to a shorther lenght. 1140mm instead of 1260mm. The barrel was now 58CM instead of 73CM. This was done at Carl gustaf. 30 000 Conversions where done

The M96-38 proved a huge succes
Soon however, a contract was awarded to Husqvarna vapenfabrik.

Gevar m/38
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A new contract was awarded to Husqvarna for an updated version. The new m/38 had a bended bolt, new rear sights and front sights.
http://207.36.233.89...ics/sightup.jpg
^Earlier swedish mauser sights

http://img.photobuck...we/DSCN2486.jpg
^Model 38 sights

Model 1941 sniper
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Various sniper rifles also existed. Handpicked gevar 96's where issued with scopes and issued 6 per company of infantry.

Service

The swedish mauser proudly served the swedish military from 1894 to after WW2 to even beyond 1950. The rifle was very popular and liked by swedish troops and was extremely accurate and reliable. While some question the power of 6.5mm calibres at long ranges, the swedish mauser did not had this, as the bullet was longer then other 6.5mm calibres.

Sweden remained neutral during WW2. However the public had a strong opinion in that sweden should help its neighbours. When the Soviet union invaded Finland, finland asked for help. King Gustav V Rejected, to outrage of the swedish people. King Gustav felt that Sweden should held its neutral stance. However sweden did not stopped at it. 77 000 Swedish mausers and alot of ammo where sended to Finland as a military aid. 10 000 Swedish soldiers volunteerd to fight in Finland, bringing there swedish mausers,machineguns and other weapons with them. Sweden also sended 12 Gloster gladiator fighters and other planes. 1 third of the entire swedish airforce!
The swedish mauser saw action with both the volunteers as finnish soldiers, in wich the rifle proved its worth in battle. It was very liked for its excellent accuracy and flat trajectory.

Construction

Swedish mausers where built with swedish steel. Sweden was always fond of there 'superior iron ore and steel" and helded it in high esteem. The construction quality of the rifles was very high and had an excellent finish. The rifle also had excellent Blueing on there metal parts.

Accesoires
Various accesoires where produced. The famous bayonet, many cleaning bottles and many others.
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My swedish mauser

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My swedish mauser! My baby! MY PRECIOUS! build in 1915 by Carl gustaf.

Waroch #2 Posted 17 November 2011 - 08:07 PM

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swedish mauser? (don't know the correct name :s )

theta0123 #3 Posted 17 November 2011 - 09:18 PM

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And the winner is! WAROCH! because he was the only one to reply!
Schveinhunds! Y U NO LIEK SWEDISH MAUSERS!

PzGrenKdr #4 Posted 17 November 2011 - 09:53 PM

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i like it rly, and fired it sometimes. A mate of me have one for sport-shooting, nice shooting performance but amo is expensive in germany.

theta0123 #5 Posted 17 November 2011 - 10:58 PM

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View PostPzGrenKdr, on 17 November 2011 - 09:53 PM, said:

i like it rly, and fired it sometimes. A mate of me have one for sport-shooting, nice shooting performance but amo is expensive in germany.
How much? I have to pay 50 eurocents per bullet here. And i can sell the cases as they are reloadable

Waroch #6 Posted 17 November 2011 - 11:08 PM

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View Posttheta0123, on 17 November 2011 - 09:18 PM, said:

And the winner is! WAROCH! because he was the only one to reply!
Schveinhunds! Y U NO LIEK SWEDISH MAUSERS!

YAY!!

*goes to the tavern to spend his well-earned theta dollar*

PzGrenKdr #7 Posted 17 November 2011 - 11:11 PM

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View Posttheta0123, on 17 November 2011 - 10:58 PM, said:

How much? I have to pay 50 eurocents per bullet here. And i can sell the cases as they are reloadable
>1€ (don´t know the rigth value) So if you have a tournement you need more than 48€ only for amo.

theta0123 #8 Posted 17 November 2011 - 11:12 PM

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View PostPzGrenKdr, on 17 November 2011 - 11:11 PM, said:

>1€ (don´t know the rigth value) So if you have a tournement you need more than 48€ only for amo.
awch

well it is a price though what i have to pay if i buy them per 500. So thats 250 euro. What brand do you use?

PzGrenKdr #9 Posted 18 November 2011 - 04:58 PM

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i donßt own this rifle, only a mate of me. He let me shoot sometimes. I have to ask him for the brand.

theta0123 #10 Posted 18 November 2011 - 05:13 PM

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View PostPzGrenKdr, on 18 November 2011 - 04:58 PM, said:

i donßt own this rifle, only a mate of me. He let me shoot sometimes. I have to ask him for the brand.
Seeing the price, it will probaly be Norma or Sako or lathi. These are very high quality rounds




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